Urraca Alfonsa of Castile1,2

#24601, b. after 1126, d. 12 October 1189
FatherAlfonso VIII (VII) of Castile & Leon b. 1 Mar 1105, d. 21 Aug 1157
MotherGotroda Perez3 d. 29 Jun 1186
Relationship23rd great-grandaunt of Paul Edward Lawrence
Conflicting evidence states that Urraca Alfonsa of Castile was born in 1132.4

Major Life Events

     Urraca Alfonsa of Castile was born after 1126.5 She married Garcia Ramirez VI (IV) of Navarre, son of Ramiro Sancho of Navarre and Christina Rodriquez of Vivar, on 24 June 1144 at Leon, Spain.5 She married Alvar Ruiz de Castro.4 Urraca died on 12 October 1189 at Palencia, Leon, Spain.5 She was interred at Cathedral St. Antolin at Palencia, Leon, Spain.4

Child of Urraca and Garcia:

Child of Urraca and Alvar:

Narrative

     Conflicting evidence states that Urraca Alfonsa of Castile was born in 1132.4

Citations

  1. The Asturian, illegitimate daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile & Leon and Gotroda Perez.
  2. [S1953] Hereford B. George M.A. F.R.G.S. Fellow of New College Oxford, Genealogical Tables of Modern History, Table XXXVI.--Castile.
  3. [S852] Lindsay L. Brook, Studies in Genealogy and Family History, From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X, page 372.
  4. [S852] Lindsay L. Brook, Studies in Genealogy and Family History, From Alfonso VII to Alfonso X, page 373.
  5. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Christina Rodriquez of Vivar

#24602, b. 1077
FatherRodrigo Diaz de Vivar b. c 1043, d. Jul 1099
MotherJimena de Gormaz b. c 1054, d. 1115
Relationship26th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Christina Rodriquez of Vivar was born in 1077.1 She married Ramiro Sancho of Navarre, son of Sancho IV of Navarre, after 1098.1

Child of Christina and Ramiro:

Narrative

     Christina was also known as Elvira.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar1

#24603, b. circa 1043, d. July 1099
FatherDiego Lainez d. c 1058
MotherTeresa Rodriquez
Relationship27th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)
El Cid

Major Life Events

     Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar was born circa 1043.2 He married Jimena de Gormaz, daughter of Diego of Orviedo and Christina Fernandez, on 14 July 1074.2 Rodrigo died in July 1099.2

Narrative

     Rodrigo was known as El Cid.

     The following comes from the on-line encylopedia, Wikipedia.

     The exact date of El Cid's birth is unknown. Based on his participation in 1063 at the Battle of Graus, however, most historians believe that El Cid was born between 1043 and 1045, in Vivar (Bivar), a small town about six miles north of Burgos, the capital of Castile. Historical records show that El Cid's father was Diego Laínez, who was part minor nobility (infanzones) of Castile. Diego Laínez was a courtier, bureaucrat, and cavalryman who had fought in several battles. Despite the fact in later years the peasants would consider him one of their own, El Cid's mother's family was aristocratic. However, his relatives were not major court officials: documents show that El Cid's paternal grandfather, Lain Nuñez, only confirmed five documents of Ferdinand I's; his maternal grandfather, Rodrigo Alvarez, certified only two of Sancho II's; the Cid's own father confirmed only one. This seems to indicate that El Cid's family was not comprised of major court officials.

     One well-known legend about the Cid describes how he acquired his famous war-horse, the white stallion Babieca. According to this story, Rodrigo's godfather, Pedro El Grande, was a monk at a Carthusian monastery. Pedro's coming-of-age gift to El Cid was his pick of a horse from an Andalusian herd. El Cid picked a horse that his godfather thought was a weak, poor choice causing the monk to exclaim "Babieca!" (stupid!) Hence, it became the name of El Cid's horse. Today, Babieca appears in multiple works about El Cid.

     El Cid was educated in the Castilian royal court, serving the prince and future king Sancho II, the son of King Ferdinand I ("the Great"). When Ferdinand died in 1065, he had continued his father's goal of enlarging his territory, conquering the Christian and the Moorish cities of Zamora and Badajoz.

     By this time, the Cid was a full adult. He had, in 1067, fought alongside Sancho against the Moorish stronghold of Zaragoza (Saragossa), making its emir al-Muqtadir a vassal of Sancho. In the spring of 1063, he fought in the Battle of Graus, where Ferdinand's half-brother, Ramiro I of Aragon, had laid siege to the Moorish town of Graus which was in Zaragozan lands. Al-Muqtadir fought against the Aragonese, accompanied by a Castillian troops, which included the Cid. The party would emerge victorious, Ramiro I was killed, and the Aragonese fled the field. One legend has said that during the conflict El Cid killed an Aragonese knight in single combat, giving him the honorific title of "El Cid Campeador".

     As a resident of Castile, the Cid was now a vassal of Sancho. Sancho believed that he, as Dolores Beckner's eldest son, was entitled to inherit all of his father's lands. Once he conquered Leon and Galicia, he began making war on his brothers and sisters. At this time some say that the Cid, having proved himself a loyal and brave knight against the Aragonese, was appointed as the armiger regis, or alferez (standard-bearer). This position entailed commanding the armies of Castile.

     After defeating Alfonso at Llantada on the Leonese-Castillian border in 1068 and Golpejera over the Carrión River in 1072, Sancho forced his brother to flee to his Moorish city of Toledo under Al-Ma'mun. Toro, the city of Sancho's sister Elvira, fell easily, and for a while it seemed as though Sancho was unbeatable. But in a siege of Zamora, Urraca's city, he was assassinated on October 7, 1072.

     Much speculation abounds about Sancho's death. Most say that the assassination was a result of a pact between Alfonso and Urraca; some even say they had an incestuous relationship. In any case, since Sancho died unmarried and childless, all of his power passed to his brother, Alfonso—the very person he had fought against.

     Almost immediately, Alfonso was recalled from exile in Toledo and took his seat as king of Leon and Castile. While he was deeply suspected in Castile (probably correctly) for being involved in Sancho's murder, According to the epic of El Cid the Castillian nobility, led by the Cid and a dozen "oath-helpers", forced Alfonso to swear publicly in front of St. Gadea's Church in Burgos that he did not participate in the plot to kill his brother. This is widely reported as truth but contemporary documents on the lives of both Alfonso VI of Castilla and Leon and Rodrigo Diaz do not mention any such event. This legend is believed because it adds to accounts of the Cid's bravery but there is no proof that it took place. The Cid's position as armiger regis was taken away, however, and it was given to the Cid's enemy, Count García Ordóñez. Later in the year, Alfonso's younger brother, García, returned to Galicia under the false pretenses of a conference, and he was imprisoned for 18 years until his death.

     During his campaigns, the Cid often ordered that books by classic Roman and Greek authors on military themes be read in loud voices to him and his troops, both for entertainment and inspiration during battle. El Cid's army had a novel approach to planning strategy as well, holding what might be called brainstorming sessions before each battle to discuss tactics. They frequently used unexpected strategies, engaging in what modern generals would call psychological warfare; waiting for the enemy to be paralyzed with terror and then attacking them suddenly, distracting the enemy with a small group of soldiers, etc. El Cid had a humble personality and frequently accepted or included suggestions from his troops. He remained open to input from his soldiers and to the possibility that he himself was capable of error. The man who served him as his closest adviser was his nephew, Alvar Fáñez de Minaya.

     The Cid was married in July 1074 to Alfonso's kinswoman Jimena de Gormaz (spelled Ximena in Old Castillian), the daughter of the Count of Oviedo. This was probably on Alfonso's suggestion, a move that he probably hoped would improve relations between him and the Cid. Together the Cid and Ximena had three children. Their daughters, Cristina and María, both married high nobility; Cristina, to Ramiro, lord of Monzón and bastard descendant of kings of Navarre; María, first to Infante of Aragon and second to Ramón Berenguer III, count of Barcelona. The Cid's son, Diego Rodríguez, was killed while fighting against the invading Muslim Almoravids from North Africa at the Battle of Consuegra (1097). His own marriage and that of his daughters increased his status by connecting the Cid to royalty; even today, living monarchs descend from El Cid, through the lines of Navarre and Foix.

     He was a cultivated man, having served Alfonso as a judge. He kept in life a personal archive with copies of the letters he mailed and important diplomas he signed as part of his cooperation in the king's administration.

     In the Battle of Cabra (1079), the Cid rallied his troops and turned the battle into a rout of Emir Abd Allah of Granada and his ally García Ordóñez. However, the Cid's unauthorized expedition into Granada greatly angered Alfonso, and May 8, 1080, was the last time the Cid confirmed a document in King Alfonso's court. This is the generally given reason for the Cid's exile, although several others are plausible and may have been contributing factors: jealous nobles turning Alfonso against the Cid, Alfonso's own animosity towards the Cid, an accusation of pocketing some of the tribute from Seville, and what one source describes as the Cid's "penchant" towards insulting powerful men.

     However, the exile was not the end of the Cid, either physically or as an important figure. In 1081, the Cid, now a mercenary, offered his services to the Moorish king of the northeast Spanish city of Zaragosa, Yusuf al-Mutamin, and served both him and his successor, Al-Mustain II:

     "At first he went to Barcelona where Ramón Berenguer II (1076-1082) and Berenguer Ramón II (1076-1097), refused his offer of service. Then he journeyed to Zaragoza where he received a warmer welcome. That kingdom was divided between al-Mutamin (1081-1085) who ruled Zaragoza proper, and his brother al-Mundhir, who ruled Lérida and Tortosa. The Cid entered al-Mutamin's service and successfully defended Zaragoza against the assaults of al-Mutamdhir, Sancho I of Aragón, and Ramón Berenguer II, whom he held captive briefly in 1082." - O'Callaghan

     In 1086, the great Almoravid invasion of Spain through and around Gibraltar began. The Almoravids, Berber residents of present-day Morocco and Algeria, led by Yusef I, also called Yusef ibn Tushafin or Yusef ibn Tashfin, were asked to help defend the Moors from Alfonso. A great battle took place on Friday, October 23, 1086, at Sagrajas (in Arabic, Zallaqa). The Moorish Andalusians, including the armies of Badajoz, Málaga, Granada, and Seville, defeating a combined army of León, Aragón, and Castile:

     "The Andalusians encamped separately from the Murabitun. The Christian vanguard (Alvar Fañez) surprised the Andalusian camp before dawn; the men of Seville (Al-Mutamid) held firm but the remaining Andalusians were chased off by the Aragonese cavalry. The Christian main body then attacked the Murabitun, but were held in check by the Lamtuma, and then withdrew to their own camp in response to an outflanking move by ibn Tashufin. The Aragonese returned to the field, didn't like what they saw, and started a withdrawal that became a rout. The Andalusians rallied, and the Muslims drove Alfonso to a small hill. Alfonso and 500 knights escaped in the night to Toledo." - Thomas

     Terrified after his crushing defeat, Alfonso recalled the best Christian general from exile – the Cid. It has been shown that the Cid was at court on July 1087. However, what happened after that is unclear.

     Around this time, the Cid, with a combined Christian and Moorish army, began maneuvering in order to create his own fiefdom in the Moorish Mediterranean coastal city of Valencia. Several obstacles lay in his way. First was Ramón Berenguer II, who ruled nearby Barcelona. In May 1090, the Cid defeated and captured Berenguer in the Battle of Tébar. Berenguer was later ransomed and his son, Ramón Berenguer III, married the Cid's youngest daughter Maria to ward against future conflicts. The Cid gradually came to have more influence on Valencia, then ruled by al-Qadir. In October 1092 an uprising occurred in Valencia inspired by the city's chief judge, Ibn Jahhaf, and the Almoravids. The Cid began a siege of Valencia. The siege lasted several years; in December 1093 an attempt to break had failed. In May 1094, the siege ended, and the Cid had carved out his own kingdom on the coast of the Mediterranean. Officially the Cid ruled in the name of Alfonso; in reality, the Cid was fully independent. The city was both Christian and Muslim, and both Moors and Christians served in the army and as administrators. In 1096, Valencia's nine mosques were "Christianized"; Jérôme, a French bishop, was appointed archbishop of the city.

     On July 10, 1099, the Cid passed away in his home. Though his wife Jimena would continue to rule for two more years, an Almoravid siege forced Jimena to seek help from Alfonso. They could not hold the city but both managed to escape. Alfonso ordered the city burned to prevent it from falling into the hands of the Moors. Valencia was captured by Masdali on May 5, 1109 and would not become a Christian city again for over 125 years. Jimena fled to Burgos with the Cid's body. Originally buried in Castile in the monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña, his body now lies at the center of the impressive cathedral of Burgos.

     Legend has it that after El Cid died he was strapped onto his horse and ridden into battle. The enemy was so afraid of the invincible rider that they all went back to their boats and El Cid won the battle dead on a horse.

     El Cid's sword "Tizona" can still be seen in the Army Museum (Museo del Ejército) in Madrid. Soon after his death it became one of the most precious possessions of the Castilian royal family. In 1999, a small sample of the blade was subjected to metallurgical analysis which partially confirmed its provenance as probably having been made in Moorish Cordoba in the eleventh century, although the report does not specify whether the larger-scale composition of the blade identifies it as Damascus steel.

Citations

  1. (El Cid Campeador), Senor de Vivar, Count of Valencia.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S1955] Widipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

Jimena de Gormaz

#24604, b. circa 1054, d. 1115
FatherDiego of Orviedo
MotherChristina Fernandez
Relationship27th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Jimena de Gormaz was born circa 1054.1 She married Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, son of Diego Lainez and Teresa Rodriquez, on 14 July 1074.1 Jimena died in 1115.1

Narrative

     Jimena was also known as Ximena.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  2. [S1955] Widipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

Constance of Moranon

#24605

Major Life Events

     Constance of Moranon married Sancho Garcia of Navarre, son of Garcia V (III) of Navarre and Stephanie de Foix, in 1057.1

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Audregoto ?

#24608

Major Life Events

     Audregoto ? married Sancho Garcia of Navarre, son of Garcia V (III) of Navarre and Stephanie de Foix.1

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Garcia V (III) of Navarre1,2

#24609, b. circa 1020, d. 1 September 1054
FatherSancho Garcia III of Navarre b. bt 990 - 992, d. 18 Oct 1035
MotherMunia (Mayor) Sanchez b. c 996, d. a 13 Jul 1066
Relationship28th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Garcia V (III) of Navarre was born circa 1020.3 He married Stephanie de Foix, daughter of Bernard Roger de Foix and Gersende de Bigorre, in 1038.3 Garcia was killed in battle on 1 September 1054 at Atapuerca, Spain.3

Child of Garcia and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. (El de Najera), King of Navarre 1035-1054.
  2. [S1955] Widipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Stephanie de Foix

#24610, d. after 1066
FatherBernard Roger de Foix b. c 970, d. bt 1036 - 1039
MotherGersende de Bigorre b. c 975, d. a 1038
Relationship28th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Stephanie de Foix married Garcia V (III) of Navarre, son of Sancho Garcia III of Navarre and Munia (Mayor) Sanchez, in 1038.1 Stephanie died after 1066.1

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  2. [S1955] Widipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page

Ademir IV of Limoges

#24611

Major Life Events

     Ademir IV of Limoges married Marguerite de Turenne, daughter of Raymond I de Turenne and Maude de Perche.1

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Ebles II of Ventadour1

#24612

Major Life Events

     Ebles II of Ventadour married Marguerite de Turenne, daughter of Raymond I de Turenne and Maude de Perche, circa 1140.2 He was divorced from Marguerite in 1150.2

Citations

  1. Vicomte of Ventadour.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Gerberge de Terrasson

#24613, b. circa 1055, d. 1103
FatherPierre de Terrasson
Relationship26th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#1)
Ancestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#2)
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV) (#1)
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV) (#2)

Major Life Events

     Gerberge de Terrasson married Boson I de Turenne, son of William de Turenne and Matilda ?.1 She was born circa 1055.1 Gerberge died in 1103.1

Children of Gerberge and Boson:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Pierre de Terrasson1

#24614
Relationship27th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Child of Pierre and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. Count of Terrasson.

William de Turenne1

#24615
FatherEbles I de Turenne d. c 1030
MotherBeatrice of Normandy b. c 980, d. 18 Jan 1035
Relationship27th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     William de Turenne married Matilda ?.2

Child of William and Matilda:

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Turenne.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Matilda ?

#24616
Relationship27th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Matilda ? married William de Turenne, son of Ebles I de Turenne and Beatrice of Normandy.1

Child of Matilda and William:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Archambaud II de Turenne1

#24617, d. after 993
FatherHugh de Cambour
Relationship29th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia

Major Life Events

     Archambaud II de Turenne married Sulpice ?, daughter of Bernard de Turenne and Deda ?, before 962.2 Archambaud died after 993.2

Child of Archambaud and Sulpice:

Narrative

     Archambaud build the castle of Monceaux between 963 & 992.

Citations

  1. (the Stumbler), Vicomte de Turenne, Cambour, & Ventadour.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Sulpice ?

#24618
FatherBernard de Turenne d. b 984
MotherDeda ?
Relationship29th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia

Major Life Events

     Sulpice ? married Archambaud II de Turenne, son of Hugh de Cambour, before 962.1

Child of Sulpice and Archambaud:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Hugh de Cambour1

#24619
Relationship30th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Hugh and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. First hereditary Vicomte of Cambour, Sire de Quercy.

Gisele of Metz

#24620
FatherGerhard of Alsace b. c 950, d. bt 1006 - 1024
MotherEva of Luxemburg d. bt 1006 - 1024
Relationship27th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#1)
Ancestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#2)
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV) (#1)
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV) (#2)

Major Life Events

     Gisele of Metz married Gerhard III of Upper Lorraine, son of Adalbert II of the Saargau and Judith ?, before 979.1

Children of Gisele and Gerhard:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Unknown ?

#24621
Relationship33rd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Children of Unknown and an unknown spouse:

Gerhard

#24622
FatherUnknown ?
Relationship32nd great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence

Richar

#24623
FatherUnknown ?
Relationship32nd great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence

Bartholomew de l'Isle Bouchard1

#24624
Relationship26th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Child of Bartholomew and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. Seigneur de l'Isle Bouchard.

Boso II de Chatellerault1

#24625
FatherHugh de Chatellerault d. a 1070
MotherGerberge de la Rochefoucauld
Relationship26th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Boso II de Chatellerault married Eleanore de Thouars, daughter of Aimery IV de Thouars and Aurengarde de Mauleon, before 1075.2

Child of Boso and Eleanore:

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Chatellerault.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Eleanore de Thouars

#24626
FatherAimery IV de Thouars b. c 1024, d. 1093
MotherAurengarde de Mauleon b. c 1030
Relationship26th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Eleanore de Thouars married Boso II de Chatellerault, son of Hugh de Chatellerault and Gerberge de la Rochefoucauld, before 1075.1

Child of Eleanore and Boso:

Narrative

     Eleanore was also known as Alienor or Aenor.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aimery IV de Thouars1

#24627, b. circa 1024, d. 1093
FatherGeoffrey II de Thouars d. c 1055
MotherEleanor ?
Relationship27th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Aimery IV de Thouars was born circa 1024.2 He married Aurengarde de Mauleon.2 Aimery was murdered in 1093.2 He was interred at Saint-Nicholas-de-la-Chaise.2

Child of Aimery and Aurengarde:

Narrative

     Aimery was also known as Amaury.

     Aimery was a companion of William the Conqueror and fought at Hastings in William's army 14 October 1066.

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Thouars.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aurengarde de Mauleon

#24628, b. circa 1030
Relationship27th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Aurengarde de Mauleon married Aimery IV de Thouars, son of Geoffrey II de Thouars and Eleanor ?.1 She was born circa 1030.1

Child of Aurengarde and Aimery:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Geoffrey II de Thouars1

#24629, d. circa 1055
FatherSavaric III de Thouars d. bt 980 - 1004
Relationship28th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Geoffrey II de Thouars married Eleanor ?.2 Geoffrey died a Monk in St. Michael at Lherm circa 1055.2

Child of Geoffrey and Eleanor:

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Thouars.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Eleanor ?

#24630
Relationship28th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Eleanor ? married Geoffrey II de Thouars, son of Savaric III de Thouars.1

Child of Eleanor and Geoffrey:

Narrative

     Eleanor was also known as Aenor.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Savaric III de Thouars1

#24631, d. between 980 and 1004
FatherHerbert I de Thouars
MotherAldegarde d'Aunay d. 1020
Relationship29th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Savaric died between 980 and 1004.2

Child of Savaric and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Thouars.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Herbert I de Thouars1

#24632
FatherAimery II de Thouars d. by 936
MotherAremburge ?
Relationship30th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Herbert I de Thouars married Aldegarde d'Aunay, daughter of Caldelon III d'Aunay and Senegunde de Marcillac.2

Child of Herbert and Aldegarde:

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Thouars.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aldegarde d'Aunay

#24633, d. 1020
FatherCaldelon III d'Aunay d. 967
MotherSenegunde de Marcillac d. b 992
Relationship30th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     She married first Herbert I de Thouars, son of Aimery II de Thouars and Aremburge ?.1 She married second Arnauld Manzier.1 Aldegarde died in 1020.1

Child of Aldegarde and Herbert:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aimery II de Thouars1

#24634, d. by 936
FatherGeoffrey de Thouars
Relationship31st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Aimery II de Thouars married Aremburge ?.2 Aimery died by 936.2

Child of Aimery and Aremburge:

Narrative

     Aimery was also known as Amauri.

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Thouars.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aremburge ?

#24635
Relationship31st great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Aremburge ? married Aimery II de Thouars, son of Geoffrey de Thouars.1

Child of Aremburge and Aimery:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Geoffrey de Thouars1

#24636
Relationship32nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Geoffrey and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. Vicomte de Thouars.

Jean de Conteville1

#24637, b. circa 969, d. 1087
FatherBaldwin II de Flanders2 b. bt 863 - 865, d. 10 Jan 918
MotherAefthryth of Wessex2 d. 7 Jun 929
Relationship28th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#1)
Ancestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#2)
Ancestors of David Kincaid, immigrant to Virginia
Descent from Alfred the Great

Major Life Events

     Jean de Conteville was born circa 969 at Conteville, France.3 Jean died in 1087.2

Children of Jean and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. Earl of Comyn.
  2. [S815] Ancestry World Tree Project, online http://www.ancestry.com, Ancestral Tree (Jean de Conteville, ID:I4273).
  3. [S815] Ancestry World Tree Project, online http://www.ancestry.com, Of Farmers and Royalty, the Irwin-Goodwin Family, Jean de Conteville (ID#I5433).

Manasses of Rheims1

#24638

Major Life Events

     Manasses of Rheims married Beatrice of Hainaut, daughter of Regnier IV of Hainaut and Hedwig of France, circa 1035.2

Citations

  1. (the Bolc), Vicomte of Rheims.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Irmgard ?1

#24639
Relationship31st great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Irmgard and Ranulf:

Narrative

     Irmgard was also known as Ermengarde.

Citations

  1. (concubine of Ranulf II of Poitou.)

Bilihildis ?

#24640
Relationship33rd great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Bilihildis ? married Rorick II of Maine, son of Gauzelin of Neustria and Aldetrude ?.1

Child of Bilihildis and Rorick:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Gauzelin of Neustria

#24641
Relationship34th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Gauzelin of Neustria married Aldetrude ?.1

Child of Gauzelin and Aldetrude:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aldetrude ?

#24642
Relationship34th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Aldetrude ? married Gauzelin of Neustria.1

Child of Aldetrude and Gauzelin:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Bergliot Halfdansdottir

#24643, b. circa 1007
FatherHalfdan Sigurdsson1 b. bt 987 - 995, d. 1047
Relationship27th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia

Major Life Events

     Bergliot Halfdansdottir was born circa 1007.2 She married Finn Arnasson, son of Arni Arnmodsson and Thora Thorsteinsdottir.3

Children of Bergliot and Finn:

Citations

  1. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 448.
  2. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Malcolm of Scotland1

#24644, b. circa 897, d. 954
FatherDomnall II of Scotland b. c 862, d. 900
Relationship29th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of David Kincaid, immigrant to Virginia

Major Life Events

     Malcolm of Scotland was born circa 897 at Scotland.2 Malcolm was slain by the men of Moray at the battle of Fetteresso near Dunnottar in 954.3 He was interred at Isle of Iona, Scotland.2

Children of Malcolm and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Malcolm was also known as Mael-Coluim.

     Malcolm inherited the Scottish throne on the abdication of Constantine II. He may have been nominated as king of Strathclyde on the death of Owen in 937, but the records are uncertain and there seems to have been inter-dynastic strife in Strathclyde during this period. Malcolm experienced problems at both ends of his kingdom. The expulsion of Erik Bloodaxe, whose family found its way back to Orkney, caused futher disquiet in the North. The earls of Orkney also ruled over land in Sutherland and Caithness which brought them into conflict with the earls of Moray. These were descended from the brother of Fergus mac Erc, the first king of Dál Riata, and their forefathers had ruled Dál Riata for a period. Their descendants therefore believed they had a claim on the high kingship of Scotland and the rulers of Moray were often designated as kings of Alba. They eventually claimed the throne with MacBeth. The friction caused by the earls of Orkney began to unsettle the men of Moray and this drew Malcolm into battle against them. He was slain at the battle of Fetteresso, near Dunnottar, in 954.4

Citations

  1. King of Scotland 943-954.
  2. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 388.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, pages 387, 388.

Domnall II of Scotland1

#24645, b. circa 862, d. 900
FatherCausantin of Scotland b. c 836, d. 877
Relationship30th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Domnall II of Scotland was born circa 862 at Scotland.2 Domnall died in battle in 900 at Dun-fother, Forres, Morayshire, Scotland.2,3 He was interred at Isle of Iona, Scotland.4

Children of Domnall and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Domnall was also known as Donald.

     Donald usurped power by deposing his cousins Giric and Eochaid and took over a kingdom that extended from the farthest north of Britain down to Bernicia and Strathclyde, borders roughly equal to modern-day Scotland. He was the first ruler to be termed Ri Alban, or king of Scotland. However during his reign he lost some territory to the Norse who, having established themselves amongst the Western Isles, now sought to dominate the north. Donald placed his emphasis on integrating the former kingdom of Strathclyde into Scotland. Either Donald or his successor, Constantine, established Strathclyde as a sub-kingdom ruled by the heir to the throne. This arrangement lasted for another century before final merger into Scotland.4

Citations

  1. King of Scotland 889-900.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 386.
  5. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 376.

Causantin of Scotland1

#24646, b. circa 836, d. 877
FatherKenneth MacAlpin b. c 810, d. Feb 858
Relationship31st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Causantin of Scotland was born circa 836 at Scotland.2 Causantin was slain (beheaded) in battle with the Norsemen in 877 at Inverdovat, Forgan, Fife, Scotland.2,3 He was interred at Isle of Iona, Scotland.3

Child of Causantin and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Causantin was also known as Constantine.

     Constantine's reign was dominated by battles against or connivances with the Vikings who had settled in Ireland and who constantly harried the western coast of Scotland. In 866 a major Viking raid, under their king Olaf, reached as far as Fortevoit and resulted in the taking of hostages and considerable plunder. By 870 Constantine was evidently in league with Olaf, who had married Constantine's sister. The two of them conspired, along with another Viking leader, Ivarr the Boneless, to attack Dumbarton, resulting in the fall of the British kingdom of Strathclyde. Two years later Constantine betrayed the exiled king of Strathclyde, Artgal, who was defeated and killed by the Vikings. In 875 Constantine was defeated by a Viking army led by Ivarr's brother, Halfdan. This same army killed Constantine two years later in battle at Crail.4

Citations

  1. King of Scotland 863-877.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 384.

Kenneth MacAlpin1

#24647, b. circa 810, d. February 858
FatherAlpin MacEochaid b. c 778, d. 20 Jul 841
Relationship32nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Kenneth MacAlpin was born circa 810 at Scotland.2 Kenneth died in February 858 at Forteviot, Perthshire, Scotland.3 He was interred at Isle of Iona, Scotland.4

Children of Kenneth and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     In 839 the Vikings advanced through Dál Riatan territory into the heart of the land of the Picts and, in the ensuing battle at Forteviot, killed many of the Scots' and Picts' nobility. In the chaos that followed, Kenneth claimed the kingship of Dál Riata. He held power by his own strength and cunning. Tradition indicates that Kenneth conquered the Picts by deceit and slaughter. By 847 he had united the old kingdoms, establishing them as a single enity. He called his combined kingdom Alba, or Albany, and by the time of his grandsom, Donald II, thirty years later, it was already being called Scotland. Kenneth not only established his capital at Forteviot, the previous capital of the Picts, but he also established Dunkeld as the spiritual capital of Alba by removing some of the relics of St Columba from Iona.5

Citations

  1. King of Scotland 843-858, King of the Picts and Scots (as Cinead), ruled in Dalriada 844-859.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 384.
  4. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  5. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, pages 383, 384.
  6. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 385.

Alpin MacEochaid1

#24648, b. circa 778, d. 20 July 841
FatherEochaid IV of Dál Riada d. a 780
MotherFergusa of Dál Riada
Relationship33rd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Alpin MacEochaid was born circa 778 at Scotland.2 Alpin was killed in battle on 20 July 841 at Galloway, Scotland.2

Children of Alpin and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. King of Kintyre, King of Dál Riada 834-837.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 384.

Eochaid IV of Dál Riada1

#24649, d. after 780
FatherAed Find of Dál Riada b. c 730, d. 778
Relationship34th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Eochaid IV of Dál Riada married Fergusa of Dál Riada, daughter of Fergus MacEochaid and Unknown ?.2 Eochaid died after 780.3

Child of Eochaid and Fergusa:

Citations

  1. (Annuine, the poisonous), King of Dál Riada 781-789.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 385.

Fergusa of Dál Riada

#24650
FatherFergus MacEochaid d. 781
MotherUnknown ?
Relationship34th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Fergusa of Dál Riada married Eochaid IV of Dál Riada, son of Aed Find of Dál Riada.1

Child of Fergusa and Eochaid:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Aed Find of Dál Riada1

#24651, b. circa 730, d. 778
FatherEochaid III of Dál Riada b. c 697, d. 733
Relationship35th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Aed Find of Dál Riada was born circa 730.2 Aed died in 778.3

Child of Aed and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Aed was also known as Finn.

     The name Aed is of ancient Celtic origin and is derived from Aodh, the Celtic sun god. Aed was probably a child when his father died in 733, and when Angus, king of the Picts, defeated the ruling families of Dál Riata and claimed overlordship in 736. In the following fourteen years there were several skirmishes between the Scots and Picts. In 750 Angus was defeated by Trudebur of Strathclyde and Aed seized the opportunity to re-establish himself in Dál Riata. In 768 Aed led an army against Angus's successor, Cinoid. Although the battle was inconclusive it resulted in acceptance by Cinoid of Aed's authority and established a period of peace amongst the Scots that had been unknown since the reigns of Aedan and Eochaid Buide over a hundred and fifty years earlier.4

Citations

  1. (the Fair), King of Dál Riada 748-778.
  2. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 204.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, pages 204, 205.

Eochaid III of Dál Riada1

#24652, b. circa 697, d. 733
FatherEochaid II of Dál Riada b. c 660, d. c 697
MotherSpondana
Relationship36th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Eochaid III of Dál Riada was born circa 697.2 Eochaid died in 733.3

Children of Eochaid and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Eochaid was probably an infant when his father was murdered in 697. By 726, after the retirement of Selbach and the succession of Dungal, Eochaid must have been nearly thirty. He desposed Dungal and restored the kingship of Dál Riata to the original Cenél Gabhrán ruling family. Selbach sought to recover the kingship in the following year, but was defeated.4

Citations

  1. King of Dál Riada 726-733.
  2. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 203.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, pages 203, 204.

Eochaid II of Dál Riada1

#24653, b. circa 660, d. circa 697
FatherDomangart II of Dál Riada b. c 630, d. probably 673
Relationship37th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Eochaid II of Dál Riada was born circa 660.2 He married Spondana, daughter of Entfidich and Unknown of Strathclyde.3 Eochaid was murdered by Ferchar's son, Ainbcellach, circa 697.3

Narrative

     Upon the death of Domnall Donn, the kingship of Dál Riata was disputed between Eochaid, son of Domangart II and Ferchar Fota, head of the Loarn branch of the family of Erc. It appears that Eochaid was either expelled or held captive. Fechar died in 697 and Eochaid succeeded in claiming the kingship, but only for a brief period before he was murdered by Fechar's son.4

Citations

  1. (Rianamhail, crooked nose), King of Dál Riada 694-697.
  2. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 202.
  5. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 166.

Domangart II of Dál Riada1

#24654, b. circa 630, d. probably 673
FatherDomnall Brecc of Dál Riada d. c 642
MotherUnknown ?
Relationship38th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Domangart II of Dál Riada was born circa 630.2 Domangart died probably 673.3

Child of Domangart and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Domangart became the sole ruler of the Scots in 660 afterh the kingdom had been divided since the disastrous defeat of his father at Mag Rath in 637. He consolidated the kingdom giving it something of its former strength but, although he made advances agains the Picts amongst the Western Isles and Highlands, particularly around Skye, it is not recorded that he made any significant territorial gains to the east.4

Citations

  1. King of Dál Riada 660-673.
  2. [S422] Enfield-Bryant Genealogy, Genealogy Database.
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 201.

Domnall Brecc of Dál Riada1

#24655, d. circa 642
FatherEochaid Buide of Dál Riata d. 629
Relationship39th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Domnall Brecc of Dál Riada married Unknown ?.2 He married Unknown ?, daughter of Gwid and Unknown ?.2 Domnall in the battle of Strathcarron circa 642.3

Child of Domnall and Unknown:

Narrative

     Domnall was also known as Donald Breck.

     Domnall's reign saw the Scots of Dál Riata lose much of what they had gained during the reign of Aedán mac Gabhrán. The early part of his life saw him heavily involved in fighting in Ireland alongside the Irish high king, also named Domnall, but by the year 629 teh complicated hostilities in Ulster had caused a change in the allegiance. The next eight years saw open conflict between the Scottish Dál Riata and the kings of the O'Neil, with Domnall siding with the Ulster king of Dál nAraide. This was a disastrous alliance resulting in total defeat of Domnall at teh battle of Mag Rath in County Down in 637. He not only lost his authority in Ireland, but seems to have lost much of his authority in Scotland. From 637 he was forced to rule jointly with his nephew, Ferchar, the son of Connad Cerr. Over the next five years Domnall sought to re-enforce his authority but met with failure after failure. In 642 he was killed in battle at Strathcarron, near Falkirk by Owen map Beli of the Strathclyde Britons.4

Citations

  1. (the Speckled or Pock-Marked), King of Dál Riada 629-642.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 166.
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 200.

Eochaid Buide of Dál Riata1

#24656, d. 629
FatherAedán MacGabhran b. c 532, d. 17 Apr 608
Relationship40th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Eochaid died in 629.2,3

Children of Eochaid and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Eochaid was a younger son of Aedán who succeeded his father as his older brothers had all been killed. He was educated by St. Columba. During his reign, in 617, Athelfrith of Northumbria died, and his children sought refuge from Edwin in the lands of the Picts and Scots.3

Citations

  1. (the Yellow-Haired), King of Picts & of Dalriada 608-629.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 199.

Aedán MacGabhran1

#24657, b. circa 532, d. 17 April 608
FatherGabhran MacDomangart d. 558
MotherLluan
Relationship41st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Aedán MacGabhran was born circa 532.2 He married Domnech, daughter of Maelgwyn ap Cadwallon and Unknown ?.3 Aedán died on 17 April 608 at Kilkerran.2

Children of Aedán and an unknown spouse:

Child of Aedán and Domnech:

Narrative

     Aedán was the first significant ruler of the Dál Riatan Scots and one of the most powerful rulers in sixth century Britain. After Conall's death a squabble broke out between the children of Conall and Gabhran over the succession. This was finally settled by st. Columba. Columba preferred the more pacifist and learned Eoganan but, after a vision, in which Columba was scourged by an angel, he ordained Aedán as King. This was the first time that a Christian King was apparently selected and ordained by God. It was, in effect, the start of what later developed into the belief of the devine right of kings.2

Citations

  1. Ruler of Dál Riata 574-608.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 198.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 173.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 195.

Gabhran MacDomangart1

#24658, d. 558
FatherDomangart I of Dál Riata d. c 504
MotherFeldelm Foltchain
Relationship42nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Gabhran MacDomangart married Lluan, daughter of Brychan and Ingenach.2 Gabhran died in 558.3

Children of Gabhran and Lluan:

Citations

  1. Ruler of Dál Riata 538-558.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 185.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 197.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 195.

Lluan

#24659
FatherBrychan
MotherIngenach
Relationship42nd great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Lluan married Gabhran MacDomangart, son of Domangart I of Dál Riata and Feldelm Foltchain.1

Children of Lluan and Gabhran:

Citations

  1. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 185.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 195.

Brychan

#24660
Relationship43rd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Brychan married Ingenach, daughter of Dumnagual.1

Child of Brychan and Ingenach:

Citations

  1. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 185.

Domangart I of Dál Riata1

#24661, d. circa 504
FatherFergus Mor MacErc d. 501
Relationship43rd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Domangart I of Dál Riata married Feldelm Foltchain, daughter of Brion of Ireland.2 Domangart died circa 504.3

Child of Domangart and Feldelm:

Citations

  1. Ruler of Dalriada 501-507.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 197.

Feldelm Foltchain1

#24662
FatherBrion of Ireland
Relationship43rd great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Feldelm Foltchain married Domangart I of Dál Riata, son of Fergus Mor MacErc.2

Child of Feldelm and Domangart:

Citations

  1. Queen of Scottish Dalriada.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Fergus Mor MacErc1

#24663, d. 501
FatherErc of Irish Dál Riata b. c 400, d. 474
MotherMisi ?
Relationship44th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Fergus died in 501.2

Child of Fergus and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Fergus invaded Kyntire in 486 and founded the kingdom of the Scottish Dál Riata. Fergus and his brothers, Angus and Loarn, came from the Dál Riatan homeland in northern Ireland sometime around 498 to establish their domain in the western headlands in Scotland. It is not clear whether the brothers carved out their territories in their own lifetime, or whether this happened in future generations. In principal it seems that Fergus took the primary share of Kintyre and central Argyll, Loarn took the territory to the north around Loch Linnhe and Glencoe, and Angus settled on the island of Islay. Fergus is supposed to have brought with him the Stone of Destiny upon which all the high kings had been ordained at Tara for centuries. In the tales of the life of St. Patrick, it states that St. Patrick visited the court of Erc, the father of Fergus, and prophesied that Fergus would be the father of a nation.2

Citations

  1. Ruler of Dál Riata 498-501.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 196.

Erc of Irish Dál Riata1

#24664, b. circa 400, d. 474
FatherEochaid d. b 439
MotherErca?
Relationship45th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Erc of Irish Dál Riata was born circa 400.2 He married Misi ?.2 Erc died in 474.3

Children of Erc and Misi:

Citations

  1. King of Irish Dál Riata.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  3. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 196.
  4. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, pages 195.

Misi ?

#24665
Relationship45th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Misi ? married Erc of Irish Dál Riata, son of Eochaid and Erca?.1

Children of Misi and Erc:

Narrative

     Misi was also known as Mist.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, pages 195.

Eochaid1

#24666, d. before 439
FatherAngus2
Relationship46th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Eochaid married Erca?, daughter of Laorn.3 Eochaid died before 439.3

Child of Eochaid and Erca?:

Citations

  1. King of Irish Dál Riata.
  2. [S481] Mike Ashley, British Kings & Queens, page 194.
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Erca?

#24667
FatherLaorn
Relationship46th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Erca? married Eochaid, son of Angus.1

Child of Erca? and Eochaid:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Laorn

#24668
FatherEru
Relationship47th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Laorn and an unknown spouse:

Eru

#24669
Relationship48th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Eru and an unknown spouse:

Berenger de Bayeux1,2

#24670, d. before 930
FatherHerbert I de Vermandois b. c 840, d. bt 900 - 908
MotherBeatrice of Morvois b. c 840, d. c 890
Relationship28th great-granduncle of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Berenger de Bayeux married Unknown of Brittany. Berenger died before 930.3

Citations

  1. Count of Bayeuxet Senlis.
  2. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Franks3.
  3. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Bouchard de Corbeil1,2

#24671, b. 1022, d. 1095
FatherWilliam de Corbeil2 d. 1050
Relationship28th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia
Ancestors of Anne Council, wife of Robert Lawrence (IV)

Major Life Events

     Bouchard de Corbeil married Adelaide de Crecy.2 He was born in 1022.2 Bouchard died in 1095.2

Child of Bouchard and Adelaide:

Citations

  1. Count de Corbeil.
  2. [S2380] Stirnet Genealogy, online http://www.stirnet.com/HTML/genie/genfam.htm, Normans1.

Hrolf

#24672
Relationship31st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Hrolf and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Hrolf was also known as Nefja.

Ragnvald Olafsson1

#24673, b. circa 790, d. 850
FatherOlaf II Gudrodsson b. c 770, d. c 840
Relationship32nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Ragnvald Olafsson was born circa 790 at Jutland, Norway.2 He married Thora Sigurdsdottir, daughter of Sigurd II Ragnarson. Ragnvald died in 850.2

Child of Ragnvald and Thora:

Citations

  1. (of Agder.)
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Harold of Agthir1

#24674
Relationship32nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Harold and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. (Redbeard), King of Agthir.

Ålfhilda of Vingulmark

#24675
FatherÅlfar of Ålfheim

Major Life Events

     Ålfhilda of Vingulmark married Gudröd Halfdansson, son of Halfdan II and Hilf Daysdottir.1

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Ålfar of Ålfheim1

#24676

Child of Ålfar and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. King of Ålfheim.

Domar Domaldsdotter

#24677, b. circa 361
FatherDomaldi Visbursson b. c 340
Relationship50th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Domar Domaldsdotter married Drott Danpsson, son of Rig.1 She was born circa 361.1

Child of Domar and Drott:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Rig

#24678
Relationship51st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Rig and an unknown spouse:

Geoffrey of Anjou

#24679
Relationship32nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Geoffrey and an unknown spouse:

Dietrich of Hamaland1

#24680

Child of Dietrich and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. Count of Hamaland.

Swanhilde of Bavaria

#24681

Major Life Events

     Swanhilde of Bavaria married Charles Martel, son of Pepin II of Heristol and Aupais ?.1

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Bodegeisel II

#24682, d. 588
FatherGondolfus of Tongres
Relationship38th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Bodegeisel II married Oda ?.1 Bodegeisel was murdered in 588 at Carthage, Africa, returning from an embassy at Constantinople.1

Child of Bodegeisel and Oda:

Narrative

     Bodegeisel appears to have been a Governor of Aquitaine.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Oda ?

#24683
Relationship38th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Oda ? married Bodegeisel II, son of Gondolfus of Tongres.1

Child of Oda and Bodegeisel:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Gondolfus of Tongres1

#24684
FatherMunderic b. c 500, d. 532
MotherArthemia ?
Relationship39th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Gondolfus and an unknown spouse:

Narrative

     Some say that Bodegeisel I, brother of Gondolfus, is the father of Bondegeisel II. There is no proof, one way or the other, but the weight of evidence points to Gondolfus.2

Citations

  1. Bishop.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Munderic1

#24685, b. circa 500, d. 532
FatherCloderic of Cologne d. 509
MotherUnknown ?
Relationship40th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Munderic was born circa 500.2 He married Arthemia ?.2 Munderic revolted against Thierry I and was killed by him in 532.2

Children of Munderic and Arthemia:

Citations

  1. Lord of Vitry-en-Parthois.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Arthemia ?

#24686
Relationship40th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Arthemia ? married Munderic, son of Cloderic of Cologne and Unknown ?.1

Children of Arthemia and Munderic:

Narrative

     Arthemia may have been a sister of Sacerdos, Gallo-Romand Archbishop of Lyons.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Cloderic of Cologne1

#24687, d. 509
FatherSiegbert I of Cologne d. 509
MotherTheodelinde Bourgogne
Relationship41st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Cloderic of Cologne married Unknown ?, daughter of Agilolfinges.2 Cloderic was murdered by agents of his hinsman, Clovis I, in 509.2

Child of Cloderic and Unknown:

Citations

  1. (the Parricide), King of Cologne.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Unknown ?

#24688
FatherAgilolfinges
Relationship41st great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Unknown ? married Cloderic of Cologne, son of Siegbert I of Cologne and Theodelinde Bourgogne.1

Child of Unknown and Cloderic:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Agilolfinges

#24689
Relationship42nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Agilolfinges and an unknown spouse:

Siegbert I of Cologne1

#24690, d. 509
FatherChildebert of Cologne d. a 450
Relationship42nd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Siegbert I of Cologne married Theodelinde Bourgogne.2 Siegbert was murdered by his own son, Cloderic, in 509 at the instigation of Clovis I, King of the Salic Franks.2

Child of Siegbert and Theodelinde:

Citations

  1. (the Lame), King of Cologne.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Theodelinde Bourgogne

#24691
Relationship42nd great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Theodelinde Bourgogne married Siegbert I of Cologne, son of Childebert of Cologne.1

Child of Theodelinde and Siegbert:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Childebert of Cologne1

#24692, d. after 450
FatherClovis of Cologne d. a 420
Relationship43rd great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Childebert died after 450.2

Child of Childebert and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. King of Cologne.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Clovis of Cologne1

#24693, d. after 420
Relationship44th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Clovis died after 420.2

Child of Clovis and an unknown spouse:

Citations

  1. (the Riparian), Frankish King of Cologne.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Litwinde ?

#24694
Relationship32nd great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Litwinde ? married Carloman of Bavaria, son of Louis II of Bavaria and Emma of Bavaria.1

Child of Litwinde and Carloman:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Humbert I of Maurienne1

#24695, b. circa 975, d. between 1048 and 1050
FatherHumbert of Vienne b. bt 926 - 930, d. c 976
MotherUnknown of Spoleto b. bt 930 - 945, d. b Oct 993
Relationship29th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#1)
Ancestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#2)

Major Life Events

     Humbert I of Maurienne was born circa 975.2 He married Auxilia of Noyen, daughter of Anselm II of Noyen and Adelaide of Ortigen, before 1020.2 Humbert died between 1048 and 1050.2

Children of Humbert and Auxilia:

Narrative

     Humbert was also known as Umberto.

Citations

  1. (Bianca Mano), Count of Maurienne & Aosta.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Auxilia of Noyen

#24696
FatherAnselm II of Noyen
MotherAdelaide of Ortigen
Relationship29th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence
ChartsAncestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#1)
Ancestors of Robert Lawrence, immigrant to Virginia (#2)

Major Life Events

     Auxilia of Noyen married Humbert I of Maurienne, son of Humbert of Vienne and Unknown of Spoleto, before 1020.1

Children of Auxilia and Humbert:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Humbert of Vienne

#24697, b. between 926 and 930, d. circa 976
FatherHugh of Vienne b. c 900, d. c 948
MotherWilla of Burgundy
Relationship30th great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Humbert of Vienne was born between 926 and 930.1 He married Unknown of Spoleto, daughter of Amadeo of Spoleto.1 Humbert died circa 976.1

Child of Humbert and Unknown:

Narrative

     Humbert was also known as Hubert or Umberto.

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Unknown of Spoleto

#24698, b. between 930 and 945, d. before October 993
FatherAmadeo of Spoleto
Relationship30th great-grandmother of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Unknown of Spoleto was born between 930 and 945.1 She married Humbert of Vienne, son of Hugh of Vienne and Willa of Burgundy.1 Unknown died before October 993.1

Child of Unknown and Humbert:

Citations

  1. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.

Amadeo of Spoleto

#24699
Relationship31st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Child of Amadeo and an unknown spouse:

Hugh of Vienne1

#24700, b. circa 900, d. circa 948
FatherGarnier of Troyes b. c 868, d. 6 Dec 925
MotherTeuberga of Arles d. b 30 Sep 948
Relationship31st great-grandfather of Paul Edward Lawrence

Major Life Events

     Hugh of Vienne was born circa 900.2 He married Willa of Burgundy, daughter of Richard of Burgundy and Adelaide of Burgundy, before April 927.2 Hugh died circa 948.2

Children of Hugh and Willa:

Citations

  1. Count of Vienne, Count Palatine of Burgundy.
  2. [S424] Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners.